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Scholten Japanese Art Gallery
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Sun Wukong and The Golden Horned King

Tsukioka Yoshitoshi, 1839-1892

A Modern Journey to the West: Sun Wukong and The Golden Horned King
(Tsuzoku saiyuki: Sungoku, Kinkaku Daio)

signed Ikkaisai Yoshitoshi ga, the descriptive text attributed to the writer Sumida Ryoko on the rolled end of the emakimono-shaped cartouche, with publisher's seal Fukuta shi, Akasaka (Fukushimaya Tashichi of Senkindo), and combined censor and date seal Ushi-ni, aratame (year of the ox [1865], 2nd lunar month, examined)

oban tate-e 13 7/8 by 9 5/8 in., 35.2 by 24.6 cm

In chapter 35 of Xiyouji, Sun Wukong, the Tang monk Xuanzang, and a host of his disciples traverse the Flat-top Mountain. They were wary of the mountain's Lotus Flower Cave, wherein resides the Golden Horned King (Jp. Kinkaku Daio), and his demon hoards who eat monks. After getting defeated by demons, the Pig-spirit disciple Cho Hakkai, the disciple Friar Sand, and Xuanzang himself were captured by the Golden Horned King and held prisoner in the Lotus Flower Cave. Sun Wukong, who was pinned beneath the mountain by demonic magic, was freed from his imprisonment by local deities of the mountain and manages to trick mountain demons into leading him to the Lotus Flower Cave to free his companions. Through improvisation (and further deception), Sun Wukong made his way to the Lotus Flower Cave, routed the demons outside the entrance, stormed inside and freed his master. However, the Golden Horned King was not defeated. Distraught at the demise of his demonic followers, he swore vengeance on the mischievous monkey, his ominous vow translated by Jenner:

The angry demon king,
Beside himself with fury,
Angry enough to swallow Monkey whole.
Unable to let off his rage,
Viciously he cursed the ape:
"There will be no mercy in this fight:
We'll see who is to survive."

Keyes 1983, p. 355, no. 116.5
Akita Museum of Modern Art 1999, p. 26, no. 73
Stevenson 2001, p. 15, no. 2
Fair (ed.) 2005, pp. 450-498 (chapters 32-35)
Iwakiri 2014, p. 21, no. 22
MFA, Boston, accession no. 11.39779