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Tsukioka Yoshitoshi, 1839-1892
Valor in China and Japan: Yang Guifei
(Wakan goki-zoroi: Yokihi)
signed Ikkaisai Yoshitoshi hitsu, with publisher's seal Daisada (Osada), carver's seal Hori Ushi, and combined censor and date seal Tatsu-shi, aratame (year of the dragon , 4th lunar month, examined)
chuban tate-e 9 7/8 by 7 1/8 in., 25.2 by 18.1 cm
The Chinese beauty Yang Guifei (Jp. Yokihi, 719-756) stands beside large peony flowers. She was one of the Four Beauties of Ancient China, and is thought to have been a favored consort of the Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (685-762). Guifei was often said to be "prettier than a peony" and have a face which puts to shame even the most beautiful flower. Similarly, she was frequently depicted beside butterflies, often at grand parties on the grounds of the Imperial court.