The Battle of Kasagi Castle in Yamashiro Province
(Yamashiro no kuni Kasagi no ishi-ie kassen no zu)
signed Ichiyusai Kuniyoshi ga, publisher's seal Toriaburacho, Tsuruki han (Tsuruya Kiemon of Senkakudo), censor's seal kiwame, ca. 1832
oban tate-e triptych 15 1/8 by 30 7/8 by 30 1/2 in., 38.5 by 78.4 by 77.5 cm
This composition depicts the battle of Kasagi Castle between the forces of Emperor Go-Daigo (1288-1339) and the Hojo shogunate at Kamakura. In the early 14th century there existed an uneasy balance of power between the Emperor and the Hojo clan, whose secular authority over the island seemed to be waning. It was discovered that Go-Daigo was plotting to destroy Kamakura and bring real authority back to the Imperial court. The Emperor was forced to flee to Kasagi Temple in Yamashiro Province, which he had fortified into a castle. After a small Hojo force was routed outside the castle walls, 75,000 men were sent from Kamakura to destroy the castle and take the Emperor into custody. Despite being vastly outnumbered, the Imperialists held the castle for two weeks before the castle was finally taken in a daring night raid and the Emperor was forced to flee into exile.
Kuniyoshi vividly illustrates that climactic night raid, showing the Hojo battalion swarming up the side of the mountain while the Emperor's forces shoot arrows and counter-attack from the battlement in the foreground. In the background, however, Kuniyoshi reveals a small Hojo force scaling the castle walls in spite of a rush of wind, imperiling the Imperialist flank and dooming the Emperor's chance of victory.
Karl F Friday, Samurai, Warfare, and the State in Early Medieval Japan, 2004, pp. 126-128 (re: battle)
George Childs Kohn, Dictionary of Wars, 2013, p. 243 (re: battle)
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (mfa.org), accession no. 00.1111-3
Scholten Japanese Art is open Monday - Friday, and some Saturdays by appointment only
Contact Katherine Martin at
(212) 585-0474 or email
to schedule a visit between 11am and 4pm preferably for no more than two individuals at a time.
Visitors are asked to wear face masks and practice social distancing at their discretion.
site last updated
October 21, 2021
Scholten Japanese Art
145 West 58th Street, suite 6D
New York, New York 10019
ph: (212) 585-0474
fx: (212) 585-0475
Join our mailing list...