Katsushika Hokusai


Thirty-Six Views of Mt. Fuji: Tama River in Musashi Province
(Fugaku sanju-rokkei: Bushu Tamagawa)

signed Hokusai Iitsu histu, with red collector's seal at bottom left, Hayashi Tadamasa, published by Nishimura-ya Yohachi (Eijudo), ca. 1831

oban yoko-e 10 1/8 by 14 3/4 in., 25.7 by 37.5 cm

The small round seal in the lower left corner is that of the enormously influential art dealer, Tadamasa Hayashi (1853-1906). In his mid-twenties, Hayashi traveled to Paris in 1878 to work as a translator for a corporation managing the Japanese contributions to the Paris Exposition Universelle. At the conclusion of the exhibition, he stayed on to sell off the remaining stock while working for several trading companies and as an assistant to the collector and dealer, Wakai Kenzaburo (1834-1908). In 1884 they established a partnership, the Wakai-Hayashi company. Wen Wakai retired in 1886, Hayashi established the business in his own name. While Hayashi built up the retail side of the business in Paris, his wife, Satoko, remained in Tokyo and employed up to five other specialists (with notoriously high standards), to seek out the best prints for his thriving business in Paris. It was Satoko who suggested that they seal all of the works they handled. It has been estimated that some 160,000 Japanese prints and 10,000 illustrated books passed through Hayashi's hands into Western collections. The Hayashi seal is generally regarded as a reliable indicator of authenticity and quality and most of the great early collections of ukiyo-e were assembled with the help of Hayashi's expertise. In 1913, Hayashi's collection of Western prints and paintings was sold by his family in New York by the American Art Association (see cat. no. 10 & 18). In a foreword to the auction, the academic painter Raphaƫl Collin (1850-1916) described the monthly 'Diner Japonais' which was founded by another famous Paris-based dealer, Siegfried Bing (1838-1905; an important figure in the development of Art Nouveau), where Hayashi, "steeped in art to his very soul," would nurture their passion for Japanese art with "indefatigable patience and charming good nature."

Hayashi Tadamasa (collector and ukiyo-e dealer)

Shizuya Fujikake, D., Japanese Woodblock Prints, Japan Travel Bureau, 1938, revised and expanded 1949, p. 57 (tipped in color plate, Mt. fuji from Tamagawa)
Matthi Forrer, Hokusai: Prints and Drawings, 1991, book cover, no. 14
Gian Carlo Calza, Hokusai: Il vecchio pazzo per la pittura, 1999, p. 281, no. V.35.8
Gian Carlo Calza, Hokusai, 2003, p. 267, V.35.8
Matthi Forrer, Hokusai: Mountains and Water, Flowers and Birds, 2008, 2011 (reprint), no. 7
Sarah E. Thompson, Hokusai's Landscapes: The Complete Series, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 2019, p. 22-23 (section opener), p. 48, no. 18

(inv. no. C-3589)

price: Contact gallery


Scholten Japanese Art is open Monday - Friday, and some Saturdays by appointment only

Contact Katherine Martin at
(212) 585-0474 or email
to schedule a visit between 11am and 4pm preferably for no more than two individuals at a time.
Visitors are asked to wear face masks and practice social distancing at their discretion.

site last updated
December 1, 2022

Scholten Japanese Art
145 West 58th Street, suite 6D
New York, New York 10019
ph: (212) 585-0474
fx: (212) 585-0475