Ten Canadian Colour Prints: Ten Canadian Colour Prints: Mont Cathedral from Lake O'Hara
color woodblock print, with artist's WP monogram at lower right corner, signed in pencil, WJ Phillips on bottom right margin, and numbered '9' bottom left margin (partially erased), this was the first design presented in the 1927 portfolio, Ten Canadian Colour Prints, published by the artist in an edition of 250
20.5 by 25 cm
Walter J. Phillips was born in Lincolnshire, England but lived in Canada for most of his adult life. After achieving some recognition for his paintings in England, Phillips immigrated to Winnipeg, Canada with his wife in 1913, where he found work teaching art at St. John's Technical School. By 1915 Phillips had learned etching from a fellow British artist, and the following year, the National Gallery of Canada purchased two. In 1917, Phillips began to experiment with color woodblocks while at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, where he was teaching. Two years later his woodblock prints were discussed and reproduced in the International Studio magazine. He returned to England in 1924 where he met other British artists working with woodblock prints, and took lessons from Urushibara Yoshijirô (Mokuchû, 1888-1953), a friend of John Platt.
Phillips was remarkably prolific; by 1923 he had published forty-two color woodblock prints. In 1925 he returned to Canada and continued his prodigious production, including four portfolios in less than ten years. His work was so highly regarded he was even able to support himself on the sale of his paintings and prints during the Great Depression. This print is the first design from his first portfolio, Ten Canadian Colour Prints. It featured an introduction by the poet Duncan Campbell Scott (1862-1947), and an essay by Phillips, The Woodblock Colour Print, which describes his printing process. In the text accompanying this image, Phillips described his attempt to capture his momentary glimpse of the mountain:
"I saw the towering blue mass of Cathedral Mountain against a citrine sky through which the sun had lately passed, from the stoop of the C.P.R. chalet at dinner-time. My paints were a mile away. The effect was momentary. The colour quickly lost its purity. It was the most memorable event during a three week's stay in the vicinity. I had to paint it afterwards, and now I have made a print of it."
Ex. Collection Paul Binnie, London
Katherine Martin, Highlights of Japanese Printmaking: Part Three - The International Perspective, New York: Scholten Japanese Art, 2008, no. 33
Chazen Museum of Art, Color Woodcut International, 2006, p. 37
Scholten Japanese Art is open Monday - Friday, and some Saturdays by appointment only
Contact Katherine Martin at
(212) 585-0474 or email
to schedule a visit between 11am and 4pm preferably for no more than two individuals at a time.
Visitors are asked to wear face masks and practice social distancing at their discretion.
site last updated
January 17, 2022
Scholten Japanese Art
145 West 58th Street, suite 6D
New York, New York 10019
ph: (212) 585-0474
fx: (212) 585-0475
Join our mailing list...