Tsukioka Yoshitoshi


The Twenty-Four Hours at Shinbashi and Yamagibashi: 6 p.m.
(Shinryu nijuyoji: Gogo rokuji)

signed oju Yoshitoshi ga, with artist's seal Taiso, carver's seal Hori Yata (Watanabe Yataro), and publisher's date seal Meiji jusannen, juichigatsu, nijushika (Meiji 13 [1880], November 24) of Nakamura Mitsu

oban tate-e 14 3/8 by 9 7/8 in., 36.5 by 25.1 cm

The descriptive cartouche reads:

Kan o tanoshimu in'itsujin wa
Nagaki hi o kesu ni kurushimu to iedo
Shibaizuki no fujin wa
Kureru o hayashi to oshimi
Gasu no hi kubaru hanemae ni
Chaya no kanjo shugi made
Yukitodokasete tenugui to
Hanakanzashi no haito o
Arii to ukeru kodomora o
Ozei tsurete no sanzai-suji wa
Kawagoshi no miru Honganji no
Do no ue yuku hototogisu o mo
Nao hikushi to suru koki no shinshi ka

-Tentendo shujin shiki

The recluse with his leisure time
Shepherds every minute of the day,
But his theater-loving lady
Finds that evening comes too soon.

Even before the gaslights are lit,
He has paid the teahouse bill,
Including tips,
And given gifts of towels
And hair ornaments
To grateful apprentice geisha.

Then he goes out on a shopping spree,
Accompanied by a gaggle
Of grateful girls.

Isn't that a gentleman of the highest rank?
Higher than the flight
Of the cuckoo
Above the Honganji Hall
Across the river?

-by the Proprietor of Tentendo

This series presented an hour by hour account of vingnettes from the everyday lives of women of a variety of ages and positions working in the chic geisha neighborhoods of Shinbashi and Yanagibashi in Tokyo. Published in 1880-1881 by Morimoto Junzaburo and Nakamura Mitsu, the illustrations were paired with gesaku-style prose full of slang, puns and metaphors written by the journalist Takabatake Ransen (1838-1885, signing as Tentendo) with his own calligraphy. Sometimes he would take the voice of the geisha, at other times his insights are presented from the perspective of an observer.

Highlights of Japanese Printmaking: Part Five - Yoshitoshi, Scholten Japanese Art, New York, 2017, cat. no. 63

Roger Keyes, Courage and Silence, 1983, p. 440, no. 427.18
Eric van den Ing & Robert Schaap, Beauty and Violence, 1992, p. 125, no. 39.18
Amy Reigle Newland (ed.), A Courtesan's Day: Hour by Hour, 2004, pp. 102-103, no. 18
Harue M. Summersgill, 'A Contemporary Chronicle,' in A Courtesan's Day: Hour by Hour, 2004, pp.60-63
Andreas Marks, Publishers of Japanese Woodblock Prints: A Compendium 2011, p. 251

(inv. no. 10-4444)

price: $1,200


Scholten Japanese Art is open Monday - Friday, and some Saturdays by appointment only

Contact Katherine Martin at
(212) 585-0474 or email
to schedule a visit between 11am and 4pm preferably for no more than two individuals at a time.
Visitors are asked to wear face masks and practice social distancing at their discretion.

site last updated
August 14, 2022

Scholten Japanese Art
145 West 58th Street, suite 6D
New York, New York 10019
ph: (212) 585-0474
fx: (212) 585-0475